What is Stainless Steel?

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Update time : 2023-02-11

In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.


Stainless steel does not readily corrode, rust or stain with water as ordinary steel does, but despite the name it is not fully stain-proof, most notably under low oxygen, high salinity, or poor circulation environments. There are different grades and surfacefinishes of stainless steel to suit the environment the alloy must endure. Stainless steel is used where both the properties of steel and resistance to corrosion are required.


Stainless steel differs from carbon steel by the amount of chromium present. Unprotected carbon steel rusts readily when exposed to air andmoisture. This iron oxide film (the rust) is active and accelerates corrosion by forming more iron oxide, and due to the greater volume of the iron oxide this tends to flake and fall away. Stainless steels contain sufficient chromium to form a passive filmof chromium oxide, which prevents further surface corrosion by blocking oxygendiffusion to the steel surface and blocks corrosion from spreading into themetal's internal structure, and due to the similar size of the steel and oxideions they bond very strongly and remain attached to the surface.


 Passivation only occurs if the proportion of chromium is high enough and oxygen is present.


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